Landing Road Bridge Whakatāne: Basic Facts & History
Updated: Jul 13, 2021
Victor Luca, 12-Aug-19.
1. The first bridge over the Whakatāne River was built in 1910 and was located where Awatapu Drive now crosses over the Awatapu lagoon. The lagoon used to be part of the river until the river was diverted.
2. Construction of the current Landing Road bridge was completed in 1961. Approval for construction followed successful lobbying of the Ministry of Transport by what was then the Whakatane Borough Council (1917-1976).
3. The Landing Road bridge was constructed when Whakatāne’s population was less than half that of today and traffic density probably a quarter of today’s.
4. The current Landing Road bridge is owned and managed by NZTA as part of SH30.
5. Whakatāne Borough Council partly funded the Landing Road bridge but the Lion’s share of the money came from central government after intense lobbying by the Whakatane Borough Council.
6. The bridge piles were damaged in the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake (see below).
7. As of the present NZTA have no current plans to upgrade, widen or otherwise improve the bridge.
8. The only other crossing of the river is the Pekatahi Bridge which is a single lane affair. It used to be a road and rail bridge but is now just traffic.
9. The Borough Council and now District Council has been talking about the second bridge since the 1970s.
10. Traffic studies were conducted in 1980, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2002, 2007 and 2008.
11. The second bridge first appeared in the Long Term Plan of 2006 with a budget of $21.6M. It has since periodically disappeared and reappeared. In the most recent LTP there is no talk about a 2nd bridge.
Edgecombe Earthquake, 1987
Following the Edgecombe Earthquake of 1987 a liquefaction-induced spreading resulted in a 1.5m of horizontal surface displacement. Soil mounded behind the piers on the true left bank of the Whakatāne River caused an apparent passive failure. Preliminary estimates based on CPT data show a passive load of about 500kN per pier, which is of the same order as the collapse load of the raked-pile foundation. Thus, extensive site investigation, laboratory testing and analysis was undertaken to make an improved estimate of the lateral loads.
Why is a 2nd Bridge Necessary?
1. The bridge represents the only crossing of the river for the 22,000 people that live in the township which is a major commercial hub for the district. In the event of a catastrophic even such as the Edgecumbe Earthquake evacuation of the town will be difficult.
2. Traffic flow is heavy and it is not unusual for traffic to be banked up as far as Domain Road and Francis Street.
3. A boat harbor has recently been approved to be located on the northern bank of the river just upstream of the bridge. This is likely to significantly increase congestion on the bridge and approaches.
Richard P Keenan. Foundation Loads due to Lateral Spreading at the Landing Road Bridge, Whakatāne. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury (EQC.funded project 93/175)
31 May 1996
Whakatane flood protection works to start. Sunlive. 7:20am Tuesday 24 Nov, 2020.